Background of ethio telecom pdf

Background of ethio telecom pdf

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Aychilum Alemayehu. Literature Review Ethio Telecom Enterprise systems Introduction 1. An entirely new Internet business culture is emerging with profound implications for the conduct of business. You can see this every day by observing how business people work using high-speed Internet connections for e-mail and information gathering, portable computers connected to wireless networks, cellular telephones connected to the Internet, and hybrid handheld devices delivering phone, Internet, and computing power to an increasingly mobile and global workforce.

Information technologies and systems are revolutionizing the operation of firms, industries, and markets. A combination of information technology innovations and a changing domestic and global business environment makes the role of IT in business even more important for managers than just a few years ago.

The Internet revolution is not something that happened and then burst, but instead has turned out to be an ongoing, powerful source of new technologies with significant business implications for much of this century. Traditional boundaries and business relationships are breaking down, even as new ones spring up. Traditional markets and distribution channels are weakening and new markets are being created.

Today, networking and the Internet are nearly synonymous with doing business. As a consumer, you will increasinglyinteract with sellers in a digital environment. As an employer, you will be interacting more electronically with your employees and giving them new digital tools to accomplish their work. The Internet and related technologies make it possible to conduct business across firm boundaries almost as efficiently and effectively as it is to conduct business within the firm.

This means that firms are no longer limited by traditional organizational boundaries or physical locations in how they design, develop, and produce goods and services.

It is possible to maintain close relationships with suppliers and other business partners at great distances and outsource work that firms formerly did themselves to other companies. The traditional business firm was and still is a hierarchical, centralized, structured arrangement of specialists who typically relied on a fixed set of standard operating procedures to deliver a mass-produced product or service.

The new style of business firm is a flattened less hierarchicaldecentralized, flexible arrangement of generalists who rely on nearly instant information to deliver mass-customized products and services uniquely suited to specific markets or customers. Managers and business firms invest in information technology and systems because they provide real economic value to the business.

The decision to build or maintain an information system assumes that the returns on this investment will be superior to other investments in buildings, machines, or other assets. Ethio Telecom is currently launched the enterprise system through its intranet that helps to integrate its core business process.

Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation is the oldest public telecommunications operator in Africa. In those years, the technological scheme contributed to the integration of the Ethiopian society when the extensive open wire line system was laid out linking the capital with all the important administrative cities of the country. The Imperial Board of Telecommunications of Ethiopia, which became the Ethiopian Telecommunications Authority inwas placed in charge of both the operation and regulation of telecommunication services in the wake of the market reforms.

Ethio Telecom is launched on December 2, The company is fully owned by the state government, but management is outsourced to France telecom known as Orange Company for two years. The government is outsourced the old company ETC because of unable to meet the demands of the fast growing country. The contract is aimed at uplifting the service of ethiotelecom to international standards and to facilitate technology transfer for domestic professionals.Telecommunications service was introduced in Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in when the construction of the telephone line from Harar to the capital city, Addis Ababa, was commenced.

Then the interurban network was continued to expand satisfactorily in all other directions from the capital. Many important centers in the Empire were interconnected by lines, thus facilitating long distance communication with the assistants or operators at intermediate stations frequently acting as verbal human repeaters between the distant calling parties.

In this particular period, the telecom telecom has been renamed and restructured through different stages. Under the Dergue regime, the Ethiopian telecommunications was renamed as follows:. At this period, the telecommunication services had made a major change of technology ranging from Automatic to Digital technology.

After the independence from the Italian occupation, the re-established Ministry of PT and T took over the running of Telephone, Telegraph and Radio communications. It, therefore, rehabilitated the network of the whole country. And at the same time, Radio Division was created separated from the receding Technical Division bringing the number of Division Offices to seven during the same period.

Telecommunications Sector In Ethiopia In this particular period, the telecom telecom has been renamed and restructured through different stages. Stevenin, a French citizen, was appointed as the General Manager of the service. Al Fred Ilg, a Swiss man. First, it was administered by Mr. It retained its name as ETA up to November Telecommunications service was introduced in Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in when the construction of the telephone line from Harar to the capital city, Addis Ababa, was commenced.

Then the interurban network continued to expand satisfactorily in all other directions from the capital.

background of ethio telecom pdf

Many important centers in the Empire were interconnected by lines, thus facilitating long distance communication with the assistants or operators at intermediate stations frequently acting as verbal human repeaters between the distant calling parties. Email Address.

background of ethio telecom pdf

Ethio telecom is born, on 29th Novemberfrom this ambition of supporting the steady growth of our country, within the Growth and Transformation Plan GTPwith ambitious objectives for the year The Ethiopian government has decided to transform the telecommunication infrastructure and services to world class standard, considering them as a key lever in the development of Ethiopia.

Thus, ethio telecom is born from this ambition to bring about a paradigm shift in the development of the telecom sector to support the steady growth of our country.

background of ethio telecom pdf

Sut-1A is the largest satellite dish which has a radius of 32m and its direction is This satellite earth station is built by a Japanese telecom equipment manufacturer NEC Nippon Electric Company in collaboration with local engineers; it was officially launched to carry traffic on September 9, E. The satellite station has a link capacity of The second satellite link was built in ; it is a medium sized satellite dish having a radius of 13m. The earth station has a capacity of 0. The last digital satellite dish is the smallest of all the three and has a radius of 7.

Ethio telecom

This satellite is the latest and most sophisticated of the other three and was launched in E. To support the high bandwidth requirement of the existing as well as the future telecom services of a high capacity optical fiber 24 core was installed from Addis Ababa to the main cities of the country in four different routes, Addis Ababa — Jimma, Addis Ababa — Nekempt, Addis Ababa — Bahirdar — Gondar — Metema and Addis Ababa —Dessie — Mekelle. The legacy fiber has a strength km. Through the NGN project carried which was carried out since E.

C, the optical transmission network has been upgraded and additional optical fiber has been installed; this makes the total strength of the optical network to 10, km. The total length of optical fiber installed during the Next Generation Network project is Km. There is a metropolitan ring network in the capital with a capacity equivalent to the backbone optical transmission network and a total length of 69 Km. Brief historical review Telecommunications service was introduced in Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in when the construction of the telephone line from Harar to the capital city, Addis Ababa, was commenced.

Contact us. International connection links Sut-1A is the largest satellite dish which has a radius of 32m and its direction is Vision To be a world-class telecom service provider. Values Lead with vision Be committed to understand, meet and exceed the telecom needs and expectations of the country at large and of customers in particular.

Respect Respect customers and recognize that the revenue generated allows ethio telecom to operate. Recognize employees of ethio telecom as most valuable assets and create conducive working environment that allows them to develop and grow.

Excellence Be committed to high-level performances. Customer service quality, organizational excellence and continuous improvement of quality of services.

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Integrate Be ethical and honest in all assignments. Accountability Be accountable to all stakeholders.Very Small Aperture Terminal is a satellite communications system that serves business users.

About Ethiopia country - #Addisababa capital city

A VSAT end user needs a box that. Business Mobile is a bundled postpaid mobile service that allows all postpaid mobile customers to make calls at a discounted rate.

Business Internet service is wired and wireless connections with a speed starting from Kbps to the business community …. Machine to machine refers to direct communication between devices using any communications channel, including wired and.

Landline is a telephone connected to the public network by cables. A fixed-line is wired to a telephone jack on the wall, in contrast. A Pubic IP Address is accessible by anyone on the.

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DNS is the service used to convert human readable names of hosts to IP addresses. DNS are assigned through the Internet …. Mobile internet is a wireless Internet access through a tablet, smartphone or other mobile device to access the Internet while moving.

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Evolution Data Optimized. Roaming refers to the ability for a cellular customer to automatically access home services when travelling outside home. Users can top up their credit at any. A VSAT end user needs a box that read more. Business Mobile is a bundled postpaid mobile service that allows all postpaid mobile customers to make calls at a discounted rate read more. Business Internet service is wired and wireless connections with a speed starting from Kbps to the business community … read more.

Machine to machine refers to direct communication between devices using any communications channel, including wired and read more. A fixed-line is wired to a telephone jack on the wall, in contrast read more. A Pubic IP Address is accessible by anyone on the read more. DNS are assigned through the Internet … read more. Mobile internet is a wireless Internet access through a tablet, smartphone or other mobile device to access the Internet while moving read more.

Roaming refers to the ability for a cellular customer to automatically access home services when travelling outside home read more.Research activity and project outlines.

The introduction of telecommunications services in Ethiopia dates back towhen Minilik II, the King of Ethiopia, introduced telephone technology to the country. However the first Ethiopian pioneer of telephony was his cousin Ras Mekonnen who came back with telephone apparatus in after his visit of Italy and established a company.

The company was placed under government control at the beginning of the twentieth century, and was later brought to operate under the auspices of the Ministry of Post and Communications. Intelecommunications services were separated from the postal administration, and structured under the Ministry of Transport and Communications. It retained this name until November The Ethiopian Telecommunications Service as well as the Ethiopian Telecommunications Authority ETA was in charge of both the operation and regulation of telecommunications service in Ethiopia.

There are public service stations and exchanges across the country. Including mobile phones, teledensity reached 3. InETC installed a national fibre optic backbone comprising 4 kilometres radiating out in six major directions from the capital to Dire Dawa, Djibouti, Dessie-Mekele, Bahir Dar-Nekemte, Jimma and Awassalaying a foundation for delivering current and future services including digital radio, TV, Internet, data and other multimedia services.

In order to increase the service capacity, reliability, quality, speed and size of data transfer, ETC transferred from narrowband to broadband service in January The introduction and installation of broadband Internet, broadband VSAT and broadband multimedia infrastructure are among the major achievements of the past 12 years.

Currently there are 1 submarine gateway circuits that connect Ethiopia with the rest of the world. ETC provides fixed line telephony, mobile telephone and Internet and multimedia services. ETC provides different types of Internet services including dial up, leased line and shared DSL Internet services to government organisations, private and commercial companies, international institutions and individuals.

Ethiopia has signed dual international roaming agreements with countries in order to increase its international roaming service. ETC has also started providing roaming services to foreigners coming from countries where the Corporation has made an international roaming agreement. The ETC finances the expansion of its telecommunication services through vendor financing schemes. In addition, mobile phone handsets are subject to taxation when they are imported but not taxed when sold in the domestic market.

The tax rate levied on the value of mobile handsets is The black market for mobile phone handsets is a serious concern to ETC as the government loses the revenue that ought to be generated from the taxation of handsets. ETC charges for fixed line and mobile phone usage in addition to the 15 percent value-added tax.

The new technology enables subscribers to obtain e-mail service through their GPRS enabled mobile apparatus; however, access to GPRS is limited to post-paid mobile subscribers for the time being.

The corporation envisages providing similar service to prepaid mobile subscribers in the future.

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These projects began in September with an outlay of 1. Research Research Research activity and project outlines.

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Visiting Research Fellows. About IDE. Input-Output Tables Download. Household Data on Microcredit Study in Indonesia. African Page. Manual Report.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Gemechu Bekele Lemu. I would like to thanks my supervisor ICT head Mr. Getaneh and their employees for their help and cooperation during our practice time, and also I would like to thanks my friends, family and institute, for the financial support and encouragement.

Lastly, I offer regards and blessings to all of those who supported me in any respect during this field practice. Abstract The purpose of this internship report is briefly described what is networking in working environment, especially when I stayed in Wollo University. I have trie to find out what is the relationship between my theoretical knowledge and real world practical working system in the environment.

After the training I will do logical design of campus by using packet racer. In this field practice, I have learned basic skills about networking and hardware network installation that is distributing wired network in student lab and office. My summer practice was mainly focused on basic hardware network installation, understand the general interconnection of the network, arranging and crimping of cable and we observed more networking devices and data center of the campus KIOT-ICT.

In this document, I have started my report by introducing the organization. After that, I have listed the detailed information about what I have done in this field practice. Next I will summarize my report at the conclusion part and finally I will finish my report by listing the source documents that I have used as a reference during the practice time at the references part this document. The in scope of this internship is to know how to design ,install ,configure and troubleshoot network.

Background of organization Wollo University is one of the well known Universities which were established in E.

Ethio Telecom implementing a three years strategic plan

C by the ministry of education. The ICTC manages the wired and wireless network infrastructure, campus computer classrooms and all data center with in the campus and facilities network service. Statement of the problem There are some problems faced during summer field practice. Internship Discussion 2.

The main objective of this internship is to practice the theoretical knowledge learned in the class room. The objective were achieved that means I know how to design ,configure ,install and troubleshoot network. They comprise new ways of responding so that the other person feels his troubles and feelings have been understood.Ethio telecompreviously known as the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation ETCis an integrated telecommunications services provider in Ethiopiaproviding internet and telephone services.

Ethio telecom is owned by the Ethiopian government and maintains a monopoly over all telecommunication services in Ethiopia. It also said that telecommunications services would not be privatized, at least not in the near future. For its international traffic links and communication services, ETC mainly uses its earth station at Sululta which transmits and receives to both the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean satellites. This agreement will increase the number of mobile services from 1.

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In Februaryit was reported that Ethio Telecom had According to reports by the OpenNet Initiative and Freedom Housethe Ethiopian government through Ethio telecom imposes nationwide, politically motivated internet filtering.

Most blocked sites are those run by Ethiopians in the diaspora who are highly critical of the government, however, Ethio telecom has also intermittently blocked access to other sites.

Inthe Committee to Protect Journalists site was blocked for several months after it reported the arrest and beating of the editor-in-chief of The Reporter. For almost two years following the electionsEthio telecom, which is also the sole telephone provider in the country, blocked mobile phone text-messaging.

The government accused the Coalition for Unity and Democracythe largest electoral opposition at the time, of coordinating anti-government demonstrations using text messages. Ethio telecom resumed messaging service in September From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Ethio Telecom. Ethio telecom Type.

background of ethio telecom pdf

Addis Ababa. Operating income. Net income. Main article: Internet in Ethiopia. The Reporter Ethiopia. Brook Abdu. Retrieved 22 August Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

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Retrieved 24 August Attacks on the press journalism on the world's front lines ed. Hoboken, N. New Business Ethiopia.

December 2, Archived from the original on February 6, Retrieved June 21, The Economist. August 24, Retrieved Freedom on the net Freedom House. Committee to Protect Journalists. June 15, Human Rights Watch report, released 10 March


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